From tools to skills to collaboration, security should be built into the DevOps process from the beginning of the development cycle. DevOps and security aren't separate from each other. The issue with digital innovation is that enforcement decisions are made later after the product or service has been published.
Importance of Security Integration with DevOps
Tough security standards aren't built into innovators' plans for anything from public cloud networks to the Internet of Things to mobile apps and even DevOps. Think of Netflix, Facebook, Etsy, and Nordstrom, all giants in their respective fields, and DevOps processes are at the core of their creativity.
However, several standard DevOps tools and methodologies, whether commercial or open-source, haven't been tailored for enterprise security requirements. In addition, many security practitioners are yet to grasp the evolving best practices for security in this modern era of cloud, agile, and mobile IT.
How Does It Work?
On the surface, the rapidity at whichDevOps teams approve and release code would seem to increase security risks to end-users by obviating the need for lengthy security reviews. However, much like testing, managing protection is best done in tandem with developers while code is being written. Hence, DevOps and security should work hand-in-hand.
DevOps will do a better job of removing loopholes and weaknesses in the code before production by closely integrating security, people, and processes within the continuous delivery cycle.
DevOps tools emphasize regular and automated processes to increase software quality, making them an excellent model for security testing and repairs. It's always a work in progress to figure out the best way to combine protection and DevOps.
The following ideas will serve as a foundation for getting started:
For Security, Make the Most of DevOps
With its focus on automation and continuous integration, DevOps offers a more comprehensive approach to security management. Begin by thinking about protection at any stage of the creation and production process.
Security experts will assist developers in identifying design flaws early on, such as ensuring that all data transmission is encrypted. Automated security checks should be incorporated into the production, testing, and implementation processes, and all team members should be educated on the value of integrating security thinking into their particular job roles. Until committing code to output, security can no longer be the last step.
New DevOps and Cloud Protection Technologies Should Be Investigated
Fortunately, the security technology industry is rapidly adapting to DevOps security requirements. When writing code, static application security (SAS) tools check for security, while dynamic application security (DAS) tools check for interface risks. Penetration vulnerability testing is the third field of security automation tools.
These tools can be easily integrated into the software development lifecycle. Security aspects are not only built-in, but it also doesn't slow down the DevOps operation.
Getting Security Teams On Board
This may be the most difficult part. Security professionals are incentivized to control, track, and reduce risk, while developers are incentivized to go faster and do more. Meeting in the center is certainly feasible, but it will necessitate shifts in both parties' viewpoints.
Developers and product managers would need to realize the value of collaborating and being accountable with the security team. Security professionals will benefit from a better understanding of cloud security.
Continuous education on the latest technologies and services available today to manage risk and offer even higher levels of protection than previously - from improved monitoring to API-based security and more straightforward encryption at rest - should be part of this.
Manage tool sprawl
In DevOps, the idea of self-organization is critical because it promotes a culture of versatility and rapid collaboration. However, the same concept can lead to environments where dozens, if not hundreds, of various tools can handle deployment, configuration, quality assurance, and coordination.
This raises concerns about visibility and monitoring, as well as the standardization of security protocols and access. Technology leads should have guidance for tool selection to help strike a balance between too much and too little regulation regarding tools and workflows. The DevOps automation infrastructure can be dangerous in and of itself.
When a hacker gains access to a Puppet or a Chef tool, they can change as many settings as possible and create new user accounts. Configuration and change management systems must be properly secured and governed, or they can be used as a new attack plane.
In DevOps adoption efforts, the collaboration between development and security teams ensures adequate software testing, integrated security, and operational visibility at all times. The advantages of DevOps can be followed without jeopardizing the security measures that are needed. After all, productivity isn't the only concern; protection is as well.